In notation these become, S, R, G, M, P, D and N respectively. A dot above the letter indicates that the note is an octave higher that the present octave and a dot below indicates that it is an octave lower. If a swara is not to be sung as a "natural" (Suddha – Re as R), a line below the letter indicates that it is flat (Komal) – e.g. Komal Re is “R”, and an acute accent above the letter will indicates that it is sharp (Tivra) – e.g. Tivra Ma is “Mˆa” or “M'a.”
Short Full Western Name Name Equiv. (Hindustani) Sa = Shadja = Do Re = Rishabh = Re Ga = Gandhar = Mi Ma = Madhyam = Fa Pa = Pancham = So Dha = Dhaivat = La Ni = Nishad = Ti
In another popular notation of the Hindustani System, using Roman alphabets, the 12 notes (intervals) of the chromatic scale are represented as (vide infra):
Sa, Re1, Re2, Ga1, Ga2, Ma1, Ma2, Pa, Dha1, Dha2, Ni1 and Ni2.
Indian Classical Music:
- The Indian Classical System - A General Overview
- Sruti in Indian classical music
- Swara in Indian classical music (reading)
- Taal in Indian classical music
- Raaga in Indian classical music
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