- Root position: It is when the root note of the chord is the lowest note being played. Example, C major, played as C-E-G (upper case means “great octave”)
- First Inversion: When the third note of the triad is the bass note and up by an octave. Example, C major in 1st inversion, played as E-G-c (lower case means “small octave”)
- Second inversion: When the fifth note of the triad is the bass note all other notes have been shifted up by an octave. Example, C major in 2nd inversion, played as G-c-e
- “Inverting” the G above by an octave will restore the chord to the c-e-g state – i.e. root position, but in the next octave.
The concept of inversion, when applied to the guitar requires some modifications.
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